Albert Benjamin Simpson, the founder of the Christian and Missionary Alliance, had been raised as a staunch Calvinist Presbyterian, and ministered as a staunch Calvinist Presbyterian pastor. In his poetry, hymns and testimony, though, there’s a longing that’s visible for something more than stumbling and confessing, something more than just ‘continuous repentance.’ Rather, it was a longing after a victory over sin in this life – not sinless perfection – but rather the victory that he saw written and explained in the New Testament. Here’s what he had to say:
“I’m weary of sinning and stumbling,
Repenting and falling again;
I’m tired of resolving and striving,
And finding the struggle so vain.
I long for an arm to uphold me,
A will that is stronger than mine,
A Savior to cleanse me and fill me,
And keep me by power divine.”
(I Want to be Holy, A.B. Simpson)
Is this the desire of your heart? Have you been coming to church for years, and finding that in your heart that before even the opening prayer has begun that you are under conviction for the way that you’ve been living throughout the week and especially on Friday and Saturday evening? Do you sense that y0u’re continually having to try to dig yourself out of a spiritual hole, to try to keep on trying and confessing, to get back some of the joy of salvation that you once experienced?
The answer to this longing is to go back to the scriptures and to grow deeper into the understanding of the gospel, to understand the depth of the provision of the salvation of God for your life through Jesus Christ. So often I think that some of the people who leave off attendance at the public services of our churches do so because they do not find an answer to the conviction that they feel when they come in being beaten down by their own besetting sins. Sometimes they settle for less than the promised victory over sin promised in the salvation of God, and they become accustomed to what we can call ‘cheap grace.’ They come to accept the idea that a person can grow deeper and continue onward in the ways of sin and self-indulgence because of the depth of the free mercy and grace of God.
The scriptures themselves provide the the strongest correction to the dangerous misconception of cheap grace, that the preaching and teaching of freedom from the eternal consequences of sin means a divine permission slip for self-indulgence in more and more sin. This is what we could call ‘antinomian orthodoxy’ – the idea that if you just have faith in Christ you are not responsible to grow in Christlike holiness and love. While there is often today a rightful reproof of legalism, the idea that salvation comes from adding on additional rules and regulations to faith in Christ, there is a tendency also today towards antinomian orthodoxy. This is where some may take the truth of the gospel of grace to a seemingly logical conclusion but in the totally wrong direction. This is the dangerous misconception that the gospel is permission to sin and can even be taken as an encouragement just to sin more and more. Make no mistake, the result of antinomian orthodoxy is that it discredits the gospel as truth from the holy God and leaves professed believers wallowing in rampant hypocrisy.
The key passage for the understanding of victory over sin in this life is Romans 6:1-13 .This passage gives the proper understanding of our position in Christ, our new standing and our new identity in Christ and our special privileges, as those who have been brought from death to life in Christ. This passage is key to understanding the scriptural teaching on sanctification which is so necessary to live for Christ in this world . It is key to growing deeper in what Christ has for us, and to grow beyond spiritual babyhood to maturity in the scriptural truth of who we are in Christ.
“So what then are we saying? Should we remain in sin, so that grace may overflow? Never, never, never! We who have died to sin – how can we live any longer it it? Or don’t you know that as many of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried with him through baptism into his death, so that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we also might continue to live in newness of life. For if we were united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be united with him in the likeness of his resurrection, since we know this, that our old Man was crucified with him, so that the body of sin would be destroyed, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin, because the person who has died has been freed from sin. And if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him, since we know that Christ, once he had been raised from the dead, no longer dies – death no longer is his master. For that death that he died, he died to sin one and for all; that life that he lives, he lives for God. In the same way consider yourselves to be dead to sin but living for God in Christ Jesus.”
“Then don’t let sin have dominion in your mortal body so that you obey its desires, and don’t keep on presenting your bodily members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin. But rather present yourselves to God as if you were alive from the dead and your bodily members as instruments of righteousness to God.”
THE TRUTH OF OUR DEATH WITH CHRIST MEANS FREEDOM FROM THE POWER OF SIN. This is truth that some believers may have heard at some time and may no longer be part of their awareness, but it is truth for the heart which needs to be regularly remembered, considered, and reviewed before God. It is part of the Emancipation Proclamation for all believers from God through Christ of freedom from the slavery to the power of sin and part our legal standing and privileges in Christ. So then, it is truth which we need to understand well and remember often.
The full message of the gospel means that the free grace of forgiven sins includes freedom from the power of sin through Christ. His death to provide a full pardon from the penalty of our past, present and future sins also means freedom from the power of sin both now and forever. This freedom is made possible by something done outside of us, our past death with Christ, and it already has been completed for us, whether it is part of our personal experience or not.
So, in verses 1-5 — “So what then are we saying? Should we remain in sin, so that grace may overflow? Never, never, never! We who have died to sin – how can we live any longer it it? Or don’t you know that as many of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried with him through baptism into his death, so that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we also might continue to live in newness of life. For if we were united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be united with him in the likeness of his resurrection . . .”— Paul confronts antinomian orthodoxy as he anticipates a possible objection to what he has just had written about justification by grace through faith. He understands that someone might consider what he had just written about justification by grace through faith as a license for sin, as the permission slip to do what had been considered impermissible. He meets this possible objection with an extremely indignant rejection of that as an impossibility. It’s hard to represent in English without resorting to profanity (so I won’t). He strongly rejects antinomian orthodoxy, the gospel as a permission slip for sin, as something unnatural for those who have already died to sin in Christ. Incidentally, here he also gives a fuller answer to reported slander of 3:8;
So as Paul starts to explain what it means for believers in Christ to have died to sin in Christ, he assumes that they as believers have been baptized. And likewise he assumes that this significance of baptism has been explained to them as a part of their having been baptized. So he then reminds them of the meaning of water baptism ,as identification with Christ in his death and resurrection, as an enactment after the fact of the believer’s incorporation into Christ, and the legal position of the believer as being acted out before God as they had already submitted to water baptism in obedience to Christ from about the time of their conversion. His explanation is a reminder of the original practice of believer’s baptism by immersion by the early church from the earliest time of the apostles – something which even acknowledged by Roman Catholic commentators on this very passage and on the history of baptism in the church. His explanation here has nothing to do with any kind of assertion of baptismal regeneration but is rather an explanation of the significance of believer’s baptism for believers after they have already been baptized. So what a believer is in Christ through death and resurrection with Christ, what a believer is assumed to have publicly professed through baptism Paul shows to be contrary and unnatural to a life lived in full surrender to sin.
So here we see the apostolic explanation and scriptural meaning of baptism as something that has been based in the full scriptural meaning of salvation through Jesus Christ. The scriptures do not teach and the apostles did not teach not that baptism leads to salvation, but that salvation by grace through faith, in the full apostolic and scriptural teaching of salvation, leads to baptism. So if we understand baptism in this way from the apostolic teaching and the scriptures, we realize that it is just and outward ceremony without power or meaning for anyone who does not already have faith in Christ and has not already been genuinely born again by the Spirit of God. Rather it is adequate to explain it as a ‘regular procedure of Christian discipleship’ and as a signpost act, of the end of an old life and beginning of a new life in Christ. There is no need for it to be area of controversy but let us leave it in its scriptural significance as part of a new life in Christ and an act of obedience to a new life of fellowship with Christ. And this is what we will see. I know of a church several years ago that made a real attempt to start to evangelize intentionally again, after years of benign neglect. They were then surprised first by seeing a number of people come to Christ – they had forgotten that the gospel works, that it is the power of salvation to those who trust in Christ. But even more, they were surprised when they saw a number of people explicitly asking for water baptism, and that they needed to have a number of baptisms of adults in their worship services.
The general practice of baptism in the Christian and Missionary Alliance simply follows the practice of A.B. Simpson, back in the Gospel Tabernacle in New York City, the grandmommy of all CMA churches. He himself was from a Presbyterian background and had been baptized as an infant, but he came to be baptized as an adult by immersion after he had spent some time studying the scriptures and after he had left his New York Presbyterian pastorate. In the old Gospel Tabernacle, only believers were baptized by immersion. But there was no one who was excluded from membership who was satisfied by infant baptism. But during the ministry A.B. Simpson, he presented the identification of the believer with the Lord Jesus in his crucifixion and resurrection was so clear that many were baptized during the conferences he led once they had accepted his explanation who had no intention of leaving their churches where infant baptism was taught.
So then, baptism shows the change in life that comes for the believer shows the first reason to live a life of newness in Christ. But then, as we understand that the scriptural significance of having died with Christ means freedom from the heritage of enslavement to sin that has been part of the heritage of the entire human race. This long sentence introduces a concept that is difficult to understand at first, since it is something that it is outside our normal ways of thinking and acting, but it is definitely part of the truth of scripture for believers in all ages. The apostle explains further that the freedom from the power of sin for the believers comes from liberation from the inheritance from Adam through the believer having died with Christ.
So, in verses 6-7, the apostle Paul goes on to write, “ . . .since we know this, that our old Man was crucified with him, so that the body of sin would be destroyed, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin, because the person who has died has been freed from sin.” So consider this, which seems to have been common knowledge among believers in the time of Paul: the incorporation into Christ, into his death and resurrection, cancels the legal authority of the power of sin over the believer. This means no legal authority in the universe can compel the believer to sin. This means that freedom from the consequences of sin in Christ also means freedom from the power and the legal compulsion to sin.
And this was accomplished by the crucifixion of the old Man with Christ – and that requires some further explanation. So we are to understand this term, the old Man, not as being our immediate earthly father, but rather our distant earthly father, our father Adam. So here Paul takes up something from previous context of chapter 5:12-21 when he speaks of the old Man, as the old Mankind as summed up in Adam. So we can understand this term the old Man, as modern commentators on the book of Romans do, as a collective technical term for the old Mankind as summed up in Adam. So Paul is here explaining that the old Mankind has been crucified with Christ, so that the body of sin rendered a useless, incapacitated corpse with no authority to make us sin anymore. He has then presented as a gospel statement not of experience or feeling but of fact, as having already been accomplished once for all in the death of Christ, as part of the truth that the past death and resurrection of Christ included us with Christ, and that is to be the truth that is to rule over our present and future. He describes our position in Christ, and our death with Christ, as an already completed and decisive event, as surely as forgiveness has completely been provided, past present and future through the death of Christ for us. So the apostle explains for us critical benefits of the atonement and resurrection that have been often not very well understood within our churches and less well communicated by Christian leaders among our churches – but still crucial to understand who we are in Christ and how we are to live in Christ.
The death of the old Man means the death of our heritage to sin, and we need to let this sink in to our awareness of who we are in Christ. The death of the old Man means the removal of the legal enslavement of the old Mankind in Adam from the death of Chris, from the heritage of slavery to sin. It means that believers are not legally under the dominion of sin and are not legally obligated to sin by any power in the universe. The past death to sin with Christ is part of the legal standing of the believer, one of the benefits of the atonement, whether we live in it or not. And because of that there is no need for slavery to sin, to the bondage to the old life among believers who have truly been born again and incorporated into the new Mankind as summed up in Christ. And so, as we continue with this passage, as well as the whole of scripture, will find nothing in scripture to excuse continuation in bondage to sin as a master of our lives, as if we had never come to Christ.
This understanding of our legal freedom in Christ from the power of sin is comparable to the remarkable statement of the former slave Frederick Douglass. He came to the conclusion, after he had carefully read the Constitution of the United States , that it was actually contrary to slavery: “The Constitution will afford slavery no protection.” Slavery, Douglass tells us, “dreads the presence of an advanced civilization. It flourishes best where it meets no reproving frowns, and hears no condemning voices.” So it is the same where there is careful understanding of the teaching of the apostles and scripture about freedom from slavery to sin. Antinomian orthodoxy can only flourish where there is only a superficial preaching and teaching of scripture, and where there is no one who will stand up and preach and teach the whole gospel of Jesus Christ, which includes freedom from the slavery to sin, to the compulsion to sin.
But wait! There’s even more to what scripture has to say to us about who we are and what we have in Christ. Even more, the death to our heritage of slavery to sin through Christ means the participation in the resurrection life of Christ now and in the future. And the freedom through Christ and with Christ means freedom for the dominion of righteousness, for the will of God in our lives now.
The apostle goes on to explain, in verses 8-10, that the reality of our resurrection with Christ: “And if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him, since we know that Christ, once he had been raised from the dead, no longer dies – death no longer is his master. For that death that he died, he died to sin one and for all; that life that he lives, he lives for God.” So the outcome of our death with Christ means that our life is then to be ruled by the resurrection of Christ, to live in newness of life rather than in oldness of life — and we can identify that oldness of life as self-indulgence in sin. In this explanation, the apostle is moving from our legal position in Christ the definition of newness of life. He defines newness of life in Christ as living like Christ in resurrection life and completely for the will of God as Christ lives in his risen life. The explanation is that as the resurrection of Christ was the victory of Christ over sin and death, so our resurrection with him also becomes our victory over sin and death and newness of life now. Make no mistake, this is definitely part of apostolic teaching – see Colossians 3:1-4 and I Peter 2:24. And note now carefully the apostle defines what this means for our life now: newness of life. He does not describe it as complete sinless perfection in in this life – that will wait until glorification, the complete physical resurrection of our bodies to be like Christ. So here we have a comprehensive scriptural explanation of what Christ has done for us, what we have in Christ, how we are to live now in Christ and what we still have awaiting us in Christ). So the scripture asserts that we are not to live as if sin were still our master, but but rather we are to live as those who are living with Christ for the will of God.
The scriptural depiction of the risen life in Christ for us now was common in the past in the preaching and teaching of the church, particularly in the 19th century, but rarely heard today in the preaching and teaching of the church. It is, though, liberating truth, truth for the heart, truth that means that we as believers always have a new beginning, that comes not from ourselves, but from having died with Christ and being given his life, to live in newness of life now. So it is something the calls for regular inclusion in the preaching and teaching of the church, based in careful exegesis of the scriptures, and presented as something for very serious consideration, as basis of our lives as believers now and forever.
The great educator Booker T. Washington recalled in his autobiography how, as a child, he had heard a stranger made a little speech and then read a rather long paper to a himself and a number of other slaves. That man turned out to be an officer of the Union Army and that paper was the Emancipation Proclamation. He wrote, “After the reading we were told that we were all free, and could go when and where we pleased. My mother, who was standing by my side, leaned over and kissed her children, while tears of joy ran down her cheeks. She explained to us what it all meant, that this was the day for which she had been so long praying, but fearing she would never live to see.” And he went on to say that there then scenes of great rejoicing and thanksgiving, but that the next day then realization of the great responsibility of freedom took hold of them: “To some it seemed that, now that they were in actual possession of it, freedom was a more serious thing than they had expected to find it.” And this is what I think that we would find from the scriptures, that the freedom from the power of sin that we have in Christ is a very, very serious thing, something that should change the direction and purpose of our lives on this earth forever, and something that calls for serious understanding of who we are in Christ.
So then, the freedom from the power of sin through Christ is truth that means freedom for the believer in Christ. It means freedom from the life of resolutions to do better, falling and asking forgiveness over and over Freedom from the power of sin in Christ is, moreover, critical to finding freedom from the past, from addictions, bitterness and abuse, to finding newness of life in Christ. And for the believer who may not be caught in spectacular life dominating sins of addiction and abuse, it also means freedom from a double life, from rampant hypocrisy, from rollercoaster Christian life. It means that as believers it is not necessary to to live as if we were spiritually having to dig ourselves out of a ditch again and again and again because of falling into habitual sins, but that we can live in freedom through understanding and embracing who we are in Christ.
The truth of who were are in Christ meant for our heart, to guide us in what newness of life is, but it does not stop there. THE TRUTH OF OUR DEATH AND RESURRECTION WITH CHRIST CALLS US TO ENTIRE CONSECRATION TO GOD THROUGH CHRIST. The truth of who we are in Christ calls for a response from us; the truth of who we are in Christ needs to change our understanding of ourselves and the direction that we follow in life. It calls for a radical change in our lives that often becomes decisive and radical when we realize who we are in Christ.
Our new identity, as those who have died to sin but are alive to God in Christ, is to be fundamental to our understanding of ourselves. Then this consideration of ourselves as not under the authority or compulsion of sin, as alive to God becomes the basis of our total consecration to the will of God.
The apostle explains and calls for the response to God appropriate to our new standing in Christ in verses 11-13: “In the same way consider yourselves to be dead to sin but living for God in Christ Jesus. Then don’t let sin have dominion in your mortal body so that you obey its desires, and don’t keep on presenting your bodily members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin. But rather present yourselves to God as if you were alive from the dead and your bodily members as instruments of righteousness to God.”
The word ‘consider’ is translated ‘reckon’ in the King James Version, and what it means is the serious and continued consideration and the taking up of the statement of the truth of the gospel concerning who we are in Christ to be who we consider ourselves to be now. It is taking up of the identity and standing into our hearts which God says is true of us now. This is the farthest thing from any kind of psychological self-esteem based on anything that we are in ourselves. Rather, our identification with Christ and our position in Christ is to become the new fundamental understanding of ourselves, all that we have and all that we are. But we need to be careful here – the apostle does not ascribe to our ‘reckoning’ in itself as having any power over sin or granting us any power over sin – he does not use the phrase ‘make it real’ in our lives as many preachers and teachers in the past have explained it. He will, of course, later explain the source of power in the Holy Spirit in chapter 8 in the progression of scripture, after he has completed his explanation of our legal standing here.
But rather the apostle Paul explains our standing in Christ, our having died with him and having been raised with him, as the reason for consecration to Christ, as those who are dead to sin but alive to God in Christ. Thus his call is for our position in Christ to lead us to the refusal to surrender to the rule of sin over us. He calls us rather to the presentation of ourselves to God, each one of us, as someone who is alive from the dead. This is the logical conclusion of our incorporation into Christ, identification with Christ, the new standing in grace: it is to lead to that once for all consecration of oneself to God through Jesus Christ. The apostle’s teaching this shows how much he thought that this was lacking in the lives of believers in Rome, particularly those who seemed to be drawn into the paths of antinomian orthodoxy. And this was something he wanted to correct, both in a possible misunderstanding of his teaching and of the Christian life in general, now and for all eternity.
So as we approach this scripture, it has called for careful understanding of the scripture, what it says, in the order and manner that it says, and thus we have come to a place where we can avoid the hoary formulas that make it say more or less than what it says and more or less than what is necessary to understand what this means for us to know and do now. What the apostle is calling for is not something that would be called an ‘inward crucifixion’ and it is not a ‘reckoning’ that ‘makes it real’ in our experience. The real point is the continuing realization of who we are now in Christ calls for us to make a complete consecration to God through Christ in this life. Though the King James uses the word ‘yield,’ what the apostle calls for is not a passive ‘surrender’, but rather a positive refusal to let sin rule over us and actually to present ourselves to God. It is a positive, active presentation of ourselves to God, as conscious act. So the scriptural terminology is crucial to understand and put into practice the new realization, the new direction of the new life in Christ. And the correction of the terminology that we’ve often heard in our songs and some of our holiness literature from the past gives a new appreciation of who we are in Christ and often forms the basis of a fresh consecration (the crisis experience of sanctification) into an new life of holiness (experiential sanctification).
This is what we have often enough sung about in the past, such as in this verse by Isaac Watts:
“Lord, we have long abused thy love,
Our e’en bled to see
What rebels we have been.
No more, ye lusts, shall ye command,
No more will we obey . . .”
The power of identity as determining what a person will live for something is extremely important, and too often far too little understood from the standpoint of scripture. So unscriptural understanding of oneself, even after salvation, will mean surrendering one’s life to the wrong things. But even more, the power of a new identity in Christ, means understanding that Christlikeness is not up to us. Becoming like him and living like him in this life is not about trying harder, learning more rules and regulations. Rather the understanding of what freedom from sin, from careful examination of the explanation of scripture, means freedom to look beyond ourselves, our abilities and liabilities, to consider ourselves as God in scripture has defined us. We are now those who have died to sin and are alive to God in Christ. And the real revolution in this world happens when believers consecrate themselves to god as those who are dead to sin and alive to God and then step out to live in the newness of life which Christ provides for us now.
THE GOSPEL OF JESUS CHRIST THEREFORE PROMISES MORE THAN JUST THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS. BY OUR UNION WITH CHRIST IN HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION THE POWER AND AUTHORITY OF SIN HAS ALREADY BEEN BROKEN FOR US. THIS IS NOT SOMETHING THAT IS BASED IN WHO WE ARE IN OURSELVES BUT ON WHAT CHRIST HAS DONE FOR US AND WHO WE ARE IN HIM. AND THIS MEANS THAT GOD HAS PROVIDED IN CHRIST AN ENTRANCE INTO A SUBSTANTIAL FREEDOM FROM THE POWER OF SIN IN OUR LIVES NOW. A NEW LIFE IN THE WILL OF GOD HAS BEEN MADE AVAILABLE FOR US IN CHRIST; IT IS OUR POSSESSION AND PRIVILEGE IN CHRIST NOW, AND HE CALLS US TO UNDERSTAND IT AND LIVE IT OUT.
So the first step is the freedom from the guilt of sin by his faith and resurrection through faith in him; to receive eternal life in the first place. This message so far is for believers who have already received eternal life by faith in Christ primarily. And it does answer the question of why some professed believers are hypocrites. It is not a problem with the gospel, but what they have taken the gospel to mean. And it can allay any fear you may have of being a hypocrite if you receive eternal life by faith in Christ. The full gospel of Jesus is that that Christ provides freedom from the consequences and power of sin, so that forgiven people can live with victory over sin in Christ. this means that God has provided the power in Christ for you not to have ever to live as a hypocrite if you turn to Christ. So then, have you received the forgiveness of sins in Christ, and been born again of his Spirit through faith in Christ?
So, if you have put your faith in Christ for your eternal salvation, have you sealed your commitment to Jesus Christ by water baptism? Look beyond the traditions and opinions of others, but rather to the Word of God, as the only rule of what we believe, what we do as believers. Follow through with whatever the Word calls you to do.
Finally, have you consecrated your entire life to Christ? Make a conscious decision before God against the rule of sin in your life, as the scripture calls you to do. Turn from the dominion of sin and self-indulgence and decide for entire obedience to God Present yourself to God as a conscious act before him, upon the basis of who you are in Jesus Christ – someone who has die to sin and who is alive to God.